July 10th, 2012 | Global Times Money market receives 50b yuan
The People’s Bank of China (PBC) pumped another 50 billion yuan ($7.85 billion) into the interbank market through its seven-day reverse repurchase agreements at a bid rate of 3.3 percent Tuesday, following its injection of 225 billion yuan last week, the largest injection in six months, a move which experts told the Global Times is more about easing commercial lenders’ capital shortfalls than helping the country’s economy.
There will be a total of 100 billion yuan worth of capital drained from the interbank market this week, with 68 billion yuan worth of bills and repos and 168 billion yuan worth of reverse repo due to mature during the same period.
The PBC lowered its bid rate on the seven-day repos issued Tuesday by 50 basis points compared with the same agreements it issued on July 5, which carried a bid rate of 3.8 percent, due to cuts the central bank made to benchmark saving and lending rates last week and Beijing’s general aim to allow commercial lenders to borrow government-injected money at a lower cost, Shi Lei, a senior analyst from Ping An Securities, told the Global Times.
“It’s not unfair to say that the government’s new cash injection into the money market and its bid rate cut are meant to show the country’s efforts to shore up liquidity in the banking sector,” said Guo Tianyong, director of the Research Center of China Banking at Central University of Finance and Economics.
Chinese commercial banks are also required to distribute annual dividends to stock investors around July, and many banks are worried this will add to their growing financial burdens, Shi said.
China’s four major State-owned banks will pay a total of 215.97 billion yuan in stock dividends this year, Shanghai Securities News reported Tuesday.
Meanwhile, a shrinking net purchase of foreign exchange is another problem threatening banks’ capital pools, Shi said.
Chinese commercial banks bought a total of $615.5 billion in foreign exchange and sold $582.5 billion in the first five months of this year, making a net purchase of $33 billion, well below the net purchase of $219.89 billion during the same period last year, according the State Administration of Foreign Exchange.
By Wang Fei’er